Reaching the Zero Malaria Target – World Malaria Day 2021
World Malaria Day 2021 held on 25th April 2021 and brought “Reaching the Zero Malaria Target” theme. This year, WHO and partners will mark World Malaria Day by celebrating the achievements of countries that are approaching and achieving malaria elimination. They provide inspiration for all nations that are working to stamp out this deadly disease and improve the health and livelihoods of their populations.
In Indonesia, the success of eliminating malaria at the subnational level has also continued, even during the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020, 18 new districts have succeeded in achieving elimination status after going through an assessment process by the Komisi Penilaian Eliminasi Malaria (KOPEM). The national malaria program adapts to the situation during the pandemic to ensure that malaria services in health facilities and malaria prevention in the community continue. Technology for training, meetings, surveillance, and malaria diagnosis continues to be utilized and developed by the Ministry of Health. Based on World Malaria Report 2020 data for the last five years Indonesia has shown impressive progress. According to WHO estimates, malaria cases in Indonesia decreased from 1.1 million (2015) to 658,000 (2019).
the following are short explanation about malaria.
Malaria is infected disease cause by Plasmodium that transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria kills more than one million people each year, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa, where malaria is the leading cause of death for children under five. There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species (Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax) that pose the greatest threat.
The common symptom of malaria are fever, headache, and chills. it may be mild and difficult to recognize as malaria. If not treated within 24 hours, Plasmodium falciparum malaria can progress to severe illness, and lead to death. Children with severe malaria frequently develop one or more of the following symptoms such as severe anemia, respiratory distress in relation to metabolic acidosis, or cerebral malaria. In adults, multi-organ failure is also frequent. In malaria endemic areas, people may develop partial immunity, allowing asymptomatic infections to occur.
Early diagnosis and treatment of malaria reduces disease and prevents deaths, and also contributes to reducing transmission. The best available treatment, particularly for Plasmodium falciparum malaria, is artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT). Antimalarial medicines can also be used to prevent malaria.
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