Published on 27 December 2020

Global Solidarity & Resilient - World AIDS Day 2020

Published on 27 December 2020

1st December 2020, the World AIDS Day, people have to be more aware of this because this infection isn't something to joke around. In 2019, around 38 million people world wide have infected with HIV among them there's 690.000 died from it and 1.7 million people are newly infected. It's really something serious and need more awareness of people.

In this Covid-19 Pandemic, its making HIV management become harder. The pandemics interrupted services delivery, disrupting economic making drugs not affordable, and disrupt health workers to give HIV services. to overcome these issues we have several key actions to solve it such as innovate the services, protect health workers, and prioritize the vulnerable.

Following it, here's brief explanation about HIV/AIDS.

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks cells that help the body fight infection, making a person more vulnerable to other infections and diseases. If left untreated, HIV can lead to the disease AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). The human body can’t get rid of HIV and no effective HIV cure exists. So, once you have HIV, you have it for life.

The HIV transmitted can be transmitted from body fluids like blood, semen and pre-seminal fluid, rectal fluids, vagina fluids, and breast milk. Mostly HIV transmitted from person to person through vaginal sex and anal sex also through sharing injection equipment. And less common way through mother to child during pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding.

The symptoms of HIV itself is not clear and can't determined a person HIV Positive. The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. The stage 1 of HIV acute infection is likely flu symptoms. At stage 2, the virus still multiplies, but at very low levels. People in this stage may not feel sick or have any symptoms. The stage 3, when the HIV isn't treated its developing into AIDS. The symptom of AIDS are:

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
  • Extreme and unexplained tiredness
  • Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
  • Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week
  • Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals
  • Pneumonia
  • Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
  • Memory loss, depression, and other neurologic disorders

People infected with HIV can't be cure and they will have HIV for the rest of their life. However, by taking HIV medicine (called antiretroviral therapy or ART), people with HIV can live long and healthy lives and prevent transmitting itto their sexual partners. In addition, there are effective methods to prevent getting HIV through sex or drug use.

That's a brief explanation about HIV/AIDS, hope it can increase our knowledge and awareness of HIV/AIDS itself.

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