Published on 25 November 2020

Eat Healthy, Keep Diabetes in Check - World Daibetes Day 2020

Published on 25 November 2020

World Diabetes Day (WDD) was created by IDF (International Diabetes Federation) and WHO (World Health Organization) in 1991. It's marked on 14th September to remind us birthday of Sir Frederick Banting who co-discovered insulin with Charles Best in 1922.

This year IDF's WDD had a theme "Diabetes: Nurses Make the Difference". The WDD campaign aims to raise awareness around the crucial role that nurses play in supporting people living with diabetes. Nurses currently make up more than half of the global health workforce, that is 59% of heath workforce (WHO). They do a wonderful job of supporting people living with a variety of health problems. The Nurses played major role in educating and supporting diabetic patient. Those role concluded diagnosing  diabetes early to ensure prompt treatment, providing self-management training and psychological support for people with diabetes to help prevent complications, and tackling the risk factors for type 2 diabetes to help prevent the condition.

AMSA-Unhas itself had another theme for WDD, The theme is "Eat Healthy, Keep Diabetes In Check". Unhealthy diet and physical inactivity related to rapid development and urbanisation have led to sharp increases in the numbers of people living with type 2 diabetes. This is the reason AMSA-Unhas pick the theme.

Diabetes is a chronic disease which arises when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use insulin. The most common Diabetes in society is type 2 Diabetes for around 90% diabetes cases. This kind of diabetes characterized by insulin resistance, where the body does not fully respond to insulin. Because insulin can't work properly, blood glucose levels continue to rise, releasing more insulin. For some people with type 2 diabetes this can eventually drain the pancreas, resulting in the body producing less insulin, leading to higher blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).

There's several risk factors of type 2 Diabetes:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Unhealthy diet or eating
  • Physical inactivity
  • Increasing age
  • High blood pressure
  • Ethnicity
  • Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Poor nutrition during pregnancy

From all the risk factors above, AMSA-Unhas WDD's theme this year underlined unhealthy diet or eating physical inactivity. These risk factors are the most modifiable and led a sharp increase of diabetic patients.

The symptoms of type 2 Diabetes can be mild or absent, so patients with type 2 diabetes can live with it for several years without notice it. The symptoms are:

  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Lack of energy, tiredness
  • Slow healing wounds
  • Recurrent infections in the skin
  • Blurred vision
  • Tingling or numbness in hands and feet.

Healthy lifestyle is the best choice for diabetic prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. The healthy lifestyle means healthy diet or eating, regular physical activity, not smoking, and maintaining healthy body weight. .But sometimes the healthy lifestyle can't be enough for diabetes management, so diabetic patients had to consume oral medication. if the oral medication ineffective or insufficient, diabetic patients may require insulin injection.

From the explanation above we hope you can be more aware of type 2 diabetes and can identified the risk factors, symptoms, management and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Keep your and surrounding's health in check so you can free and keep type 2 diabetes in control.


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