Know Your Numbers – World Hypertension Day 2020
FACTS ABOUT HYPERTENSION
- Hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure equal to or above 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure equal to or above 90 mm Hg.
- Two out of five adults in the Eastern Mediterranean Region are affected by high blood pressure.
- High blood pressure is a leading cause of premature death worldwide.
- High blood pressure is called “silent killer”, with no apparent symptoms.
- Unhealthy lifestyle can increase the risk of high blood pressure, such as: eating too much salt (sodium), being overweight and not getting enough exercise, as well as using tobacco.
Hypertension or elevated blood pressure is a serious medical condition that significantly increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, kidney failure and blindness. It is one of the leading causes of premature death worldwide. Of the estimated 1.13 billion people who have hypertension, fewer than 1 in 5 have it under control. The main contributors to the rise in hypertension are unhealthy diets, physical inactivity and the consumption of alcohol and tobacco. To achieve the global target to reduce the prevalence of hypertension by 25% by 2025, WHO and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched the Global Hearts Initiative in 2016.
With its five technical packages – HEARTS (manage cardiovascular diseases), MPOWER (control tobacco), Active (increase physical activity), SHAKE (reduce salt consumption) and REPLACE (eliminate trans fat) – the Initiative aims to improve heart health worldwide. The HEARTS technical package itself gives guidance on more effectively detecting and treating people with hypertension in primary health care. On World Hypertension Day, WHO joins the call for people to “Know Your Numbers”, adopt a healthy lifestyle and stay on treatment as prescribed.
“Endlessness Ingenuity, Beyond the Possibility.”