Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. There are 2 most common types of diabetes, in adults, the body is resistant to insulin or the body does not produce enough insulin. Approximately 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, the majority live in low-and middle-income countries, and 1.5 million deaths are directly attributable to diabetes each year. Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have continued to increase over the last few decades.
In 1991, the IDF and the World Health Organization (WHO) created World Diabetes Day (WDD) in response to growing concerns about the increasing number of health threats posed by diabetes. World Diabetes Day became an official UN Day in 2006 with the adoption of UN Resolution 61/225. World Diabetes Day is observed every year on November 14, the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting. He was one of those who discovered insulin, along with Charles Best in 1922.
This year’s World Diabetes Day is taking place at the end of a year which has been intensive in terms of global advocacy for diabetes. The Day also comes at a time when the world continues to live through the COVID-19 pandemic, which has not only resulted in a high proportion of people with diabetes among hospitalized patients with severe manifestations of COVID-19 and among those who have succumbed to the virus, but has also led to severe disruption of diabetes services.
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